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Vanguard owns issued patents for its Vanguard Exchange-Traded Funds ("Vanguard ETFs®") under U.S. Patent Nos. 6,879,964; 7,337,138; 7,720,749; 7,925,573; 8,090,646; and 8,417,623.
Vanguard owns issued patents for its Auto-Rebalancing methodology under U.S. Patent Nos. 7,149,713 and 7,559,079.
Vanguard owns issued patents for its Bond ETF Dividend Declaration model under U.S. Patent Nos. 7,792,725 and 8,175,944.
Vanguard owns an issued patent for its Personal QDI Calculation Process under U.S. Patent Application No. 7,953,661.
Vanguard owns issued patents for its Managed Payout Funds under U.S. Patent Nos. 8,180,695 and 8,185,464.
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